ILLUSTRATING THE DIFFICULTY FACED BY ARCHAEOLOGISTS:
of all of these objects are subject to interpretation and debate. In many ways, Archaeology is not a "hard" science.
Commonly called celts by modern collectors, these may well have been multi purpose tools of ancient people. This particular artifact
shows wear marks and damage suggesting it could have been used as a wedge for splitting wood, a hatchet head and a hide scraper.
Obviously, the quarter is for size comparison
These may have been cutting blades and knives. Artifacts like these have been found over and over, indicating they were popular designs. Made of flint, the largest item has serrated edges and may have been used to process meat. Flint can be very sharp. I used to "mine" my experimental flint from the same place Native Americans gathered it. Flint Ridge (East of modern day Columbus Ohio) flint was carried through prehistoric trade to many places. I'm guessing it was highly valued.
The two objects to the left may have been drills. The object at the bottom and the one at the right may have been spear points. The item at the top may have been a scraper of sorts. Often called a blunt by modern day collectors, it was theorized that they were arrowheads designed for hunting birds...the blunt end preventing the arrow from becoming impaled in a tree. I believe the weight of the object would prevent it from being an arrowhead. Looters, copiers and collectors often call many of the objects on this page "arrowheads" even though most are far too heavy to be used as such. The round object is of questionable use and origin. If authentic, it could have been jewelry, a game stone or a weight/counter balance.
cupstones, these objects show wear that may indicate
they were held in the palm of the hand to stabilize
a bow drill or fire starting device. Certainly
friction would have been a real problem for someone
drilling a hole or starting a fire.
Odd little pieces! The object on the left may have been an engraving tool or a tool for making tattoos. It may have been used to lace leather garments and footwear. The other object is well crafted and the perfect size to be an arrowhead. However, when you turn it sideways you discover that it is curved! Possibly it was attached to a wooden stem and used as a tool for removing the edible portions from various nuts.
Hatchet? Garden Hoe? Weapon? Hide scraper?
just called points or arrowheads by collectors and
looters, the three small items are modern day
reproductions or fakes. The artifact at the bottom
is authentic and believed to be over 6000 years old.
Its shape and size suggest it was a spear point.
Western pottery? Elaborate designs are located on
the inside of this bowl!
Mica.....often found many miles from its natural source. I believe these pie es (found in Ohio) were from North Carolina.
Deer antlers were possibly used to "pressure flake" flint into its various functional shapes. Tiny flakes of flint are found by the thousands at archaeological sites.
A photo from a newspaper article about my work and a particular project I led. In the interview I tried to stress the fact Archaeology is a race against time. Looters, collectors and developers have obliterated many potentially informative sites. It is now obvious that we will never have a complete picture of prehistoric times. In this case farming techniques developers and collectors pretty well hampered any useful knowledge but we did manage to get a display and information. It's a race against time and I fear time is winning...as it always does.