Commonly called celts by modern collectors,
these may well have been multi purpose tools of
ancient people. This particular artifact
shows wear marks and damage suggesting it could
have been used as a wedge for splitting wood, a
hatchet head and a hide scraper.
These may have been cutting blades and
knives. Artifacts like these have been
found over and over, indicating
they were popular designs. Made of
flint, the largest item has serrated edges and
may have been used to process meat.
|The two objects to the
left may have been drills. The
object at the bottom and the one at the
right may have been spear points.
The item at the top may have been a
scraper of sorts. Often called a
blunt by modern day collectors, it was
theorized that they were arrowheads
designed for hunting birds...the blunt
end preventing the arrow from becoming
impaled in a tree. I believe the
weight of the object would prevent it
from being an arrowhead. Looters
and collectors often call many of the
objects on this page "arrowheads" even
though most are far too heavy to be used
as such. The round object is of
questionable use and origin. If
authentic, it could have been jewelry, a
game stone or a weight/counter balance
for some other tool.
Often called cupstones, these objects show
wear that may indicate they were held in
the palm of the hand to stabilize a bow
drill or fire starting device. Certainly
friction would have been a real problem for
someone drilling a hole or starting a fire.
Odd little pieces! The object on the
left may have been an engraving tool or a tool
for making tattoos. The other object is
well crafted and the perfect size to be an
arrowhead. However, when you turn it
sideways you discover that it is curved!
Possibly it was attached to a wooden stem and
used as a tool for removing the edible
portions from various nuts.
A hatchet head? Scraper? Garden hoe?
Often just called points or arrowheads by
collectors and looters, the three small items
are modern day reproductions or fakes.
The artifact at the bottom is authentic and
believed to be over 6000 years old. Its
shape and size suggest it was a spear point.
Pottery shards. Note the white
flecks. These are tiny pieces of shell
used to temper the
pottery. Ancient pottery gives the
appearance of being both functional and
Elaborate designs are located on the inside of
Mica! Early American civilizations must
have had elaborate trade networks.
Materials such as
various flints, mica and obsidian are
found sometimes thousands of miles from
their natural location
of origin. Throughout North America,
Native Americans apparently cultivated
that probably originated in Central America.
Deer antlers were possibly used to "pressure
flake" flint into its various functional
shapes. Tiny flakes of flint are found
by the thousands at archaeological sites.
A photo from a newspaper article about my
work and a particular "dig" I directed.
In the interview I tried
to stress the fact Archaeology is a race
against time. Looters, collectors and
developers have obliterated many
potentially informative sites. It is now
obvious that we will never have a complete
picture of prehistoric times.